HIV-AIDS and De-Addiction Program
With the development of the economy and infrastructure of India there has been some other negative implications arising in our young generation which have not been controlled by us because of its inaccessibility to monitor and resolve. A part of our young generation is involved in taking drugs and which later on develops into addiction. These youths are moved away from their life goals by some external matters operating in our country and it is our prime responsibility to stop this kind of social evils to end from its roots. We here in AICPS do understand this problem and so we decided that we have to take an initiative on our part as the citizen of this country and it is also our duty to see to it that our growing young generation doesn’t get involved in any such drastic crimes. Addiction to alcohol and drugs is a gigantic social malady, which hits at the very core of human dignity and freedom. It sweeps across the world with India being no exception. An addict if not checked in time, degenerates to a human wreck and suffers both physically and mentally; he or she also causes untold misery and economic hardship to his or her family. The basic aim of AICPS program is to offer anyone at any level of addiction a way out. The basis of the program is to train the mind how to react positively to all circumstances in life.
AICPS started functioning on drug de-addiction with the objectives of:
- A physical, therapeutic and spiritual treatment in achieving de-addiction and abstinence from drugs and alcohol.
- Helping patients to develop a positive attitude to take appropriate decisions independently.
- Helping them to rehabilitate socially and for gainful employment.
- Assist family members to understand the dynamics of drug and alcohol dependant individuals.
- To conduct research and training to handle the problem
- Daily educational lectures
- Relapse prevention skills development
- Group therapy sessions & one-on-one counseling
- 24-hour detoxification facilitation
- Scheduled meetings in the local community
The Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, as the focal point for drug demand reduction programmes in the country, has been implementing the Scheme for Prohibition and Drug Abuse Prevention since the year 1985-86. As implementation of programmes for de-addiction and rehabilitation of drug addicts require sustained and committed/involved effort with a great degree of flexibility and innovation, a State-community (voluntary) partnership appears to be particularly strong mechanism for service delivery. Accordingly, under the Scheme, while major portion of the cost of services is borne by the Government, the voluntary organisations provide actual services through the Counselling and Awareness Centres; De-addiction cum Rehabilitation Centres, De-addiction Camps, and Awareness Programmes. Under this Scheme, the Ministry is assisting 361 voluntary organisations for maintaining 376 De-addiction-cum-Rehabilitation Centres and 68 counselling and Awareness Centres all over the country. Average annual allocation for this programme has been around US $ 5 million.
The basic objective in creating facilities for treatment, at Centres run through voluntary organisations, is to ensure that the support of the family and the community is mobilized to the maximum. These Centres adopt a wide variety of approaches, systems and methodologies for treatment and rehabilitation of the addicts suitable and adaptable to the social customs, traditions and culture. However this do not in any way undermine adoption of scientific, modern and established systems of treatment. The rehabilitation and social reintegration of an addict is the mainstay of any such initiative. Therefore all programmes for treatment of addicts must compulsorily integrate into delivery system, programmes for psychosocial counselling of the addict and his family/peer groups; programmes for vocational training/rehabilitation and comprehensive programme for after-care and follow-up. To attain these objectives, all Centres are equipped with a cadre of experts from various fields including doctors, counsellors, community workers, social workers etc. Thus, it is a multi-disciplinary approach being applied according to the needs of individual cases. They work in coordination with the community resources as well infrastructure and services available under other related agencies. To facilitate the medical treatment of hard-core addicts who require intensive long-term medical attention, 100 De-addiction Centres are being run in Government hospitals/Primary Health Centres, etc.
The Counselling and Awareness Centres are engaged in a wide range of awareness generation programme in varied community settings including village panchayats, schools etc. Besides these Centres, the Ministry has been actively utilizing the various media channels, print as well as audio-visual for educating the people on the ill effects of drug abuse and also disseminating information on the service delivery. The overall approach is based on the need to comprehensively address the widespread ignorance and lack of information on the ill- effects of drug abuse prevention/rehabilitation services and to build up a climate of abstinence from drugs through sensitising the community at large. In this perspective, the strategy for public awareness about the damage consequences of drug abuse takes into account the culture-specific aspects of the problem. A differential approach has been adopted towards educating the public vis-à-vis groups at risk.
The problem of alcoholism and drug abuse is a social malaise and is dealt holistically by targeting all spheres of human activity. The Government of India has been following an integrated approach involving all concerned Ministries and Departments who could complement and supplement the initiatives being taken by each other. The initiatives being taken include imparting education on drugs and positive alternative to the youth through appropriate modification in school curriculum and sensitisation of school environment. Programmes are being developed for the sensitisation of the teachers, parents and the peer groups in a school environment through the participation of the Non-Government Organisations. The cooperation of the media and various youth organisations has also been solicited for dissemination of information on ill effects of alcohol/drugs and in engaging the community in positive/healthy alternatives.
Available Government infrastructure and services have been integrated with the services offered by the NGO sector for dealing with associated health problems such as TB, HIV/AIDS, and Hepatitis etc. Efforts are also being made to provide the medical professionals in the health sector with the knowledge on rehabilitation and after-care of alcohol and drug dependents. Simultaneously, steps have been initiated for providing training to the NGO professionals on various medical inputs for providing effective service to the clients. One of the successful initiatives towards inter-sectoral collaboration has been the integration of HIV/AIDS prevention programme into the substance abuse programme of 100 NGO run De-addiction Centres supported by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
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