Crime Against Woman & Children

The semantic meaning of ‘crime against women’ is direct or indirect physical or mental cruelty to women. Various kinds of violence against women are eve-teasing, molestation, bigamy, fraudulent marriage, adultery and enticement of married women abduction and kidnapping, rape, harassment to women at working place, wife beating, dowry death, female child abuse and abuse of elderly female etc. The alarming rate in the crimes against women can to a large extent be attributed to the lack of infrastructures for single working women who have to leave their families at an early age to work away from home. The most effective strategies are likely to be those that support women to organize peer groups and mobilize community resources and public services, including women’s health services. Such approaches enable women to overcome resignation to the legitimacy of the established order are important factor in the perpetuation of imbalances of power between women and men. If women are to implement their reproductive preferences, then it is essential that their empowerment occur not only within their personal spheres, but also in the broader spheres of the community and the state

 

Sexual Harassment, abuse, rape, pornography in India.

As in other countries throughout the world, rape is common in India. Rape is a social disease. Hardly a day passes without a case of rape being reported in Indian newspapers and media. Women belonging to low castes, and tribal women are more at risk. What is sad about rape in India is the lack of seriousness with which the crime is often treated. Statistics from 2000 showed that on average a woman is raped every hour in India. Women’s groups attest that the strict and conservative attitudes about sex and family privacy contribute to ineffectiveness of India’s rape laws. Victims are often reluctant to report rape. In an open court victims must prove that the rapist sexually penetrated them in order to get a conviction. This can be especially damaging. After proving that she has been raped, a victim is often ostracized from her family and community. This problem is exacerbated by the fact that rape laws are inadequate and definitions so narrow that prosecution is made difficult.

 

Prostitution in India.

Article 6: States Parties shall take all appropriate measures, including legislation, to suppress all forms of traffic in women and exploitation of prostitution of women in India. According to a 1994 report in Asian Age there are at least 70,000 women sex workers in Delhi, Madras, Calcutta, Bangalore and Hyderbad. 30% of these women are under 20 years of age. 40% are 20-30 years of age, and approximately 15% of them became prostitutes as children under the age of 12. The majority of these women are Dalits or from castes which are recognised as backward under the Indian Constitution. In India, many innocent victims are forced into prostitution by their husbands or relatives. Some are tricked or enticed into prostitution.

Common Forms of violence against Indian women include:
Female feticide (selective abortion based on the fetus gender or sex selection of child), Domestic violence, Dowry death or harassment, Mental and physical torture, Sexual trafficking, and Public humiliation.

How children can get affected by domestic violence at home:

  1. Children can themselves get physically abused or hurt.
  2. Witnessing violence actions can be mentally damaging
  3. Children often try to intervene to protect the adult victim, which puts them in a dangerous situation
  4. Children can copy the violent behavior they witness, both as children and as adults
  5. They may develop stress-related problems in health
  6. They can loose self- confidence, be afraid/angry, and blame themselves for what is happening or feel guilty.

Incidence of Crimes Against Women (All India, 2000-2002 )

SNo. Crime Head Crimes against Women

Percentage variation in 2002 over 2001

2000

2001

2002

 
1. Rape

16496

16075

16373

1.8

2. Kidnapping & Abduction

15023

14645

14506

-0.9

3. Dowry Death

6995

6851

6822

-0.4

4. Torture

45778

49170

49237

0.1

5. Molestation

32940

34124

33943

-0.5

6. Sexual Harassment

11024

9746

10155

4.2

7. Importation of Girls

64

114

76

-33.3

8. Sati Prevention Act

0

0

0

0

9. Immoral Traffic (P) Act

9515

8796

11242

27.8

10. Indecent Rep. Of Women (P) Act

662

1052

2508

138.4

11. Dowry Prohibition Act

2876

3222

2816

-12.6

  Total 141373

143795

147678

2.7

 

 

July 25, 2008 Post Under - Read More

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