The Animal Welfare Board of India was set up in accordance with Section 4 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1960 (No.59 of 1960). The Board consists of 28 Members. The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (PCA) Act 1960(59 of 1960) was enacted in December 1960 with the object of preventing infliction of unnecessary pain and suffering to animals. The Govt. of India, Ministry of Food and Agriculture constituted the Animal Welfare Board of India on 19th March 1962. The subject of Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was transferred from Ministry of Food and Agriculture to the Ministry of Environment and Forests with effect from 28th March 1990.
CONSTITUTION OF INDIA Article 51-A(g) ” It shall be the fundamental duty of every citizen of India to protect and improve the Natural Environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife, and to have compassion for all living creatures.” In order to ensure COW PROTECTION and to impose a total BAN on the SLAUGHTER OF COWS and COW PROGENY, Government will take suitable measures”.
CONSTITUTION OF THE ANIMAL WELFARE BOARD OF INDIA The Animal Welfare Board of India, the first of its kind to be established by any Government in the world, was set up in 1962, in accordance with Section 4 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Acts 1960 (No.59 of 1960).Shrimati Rukmini Devi Arundale pioneered the setting up of the Board, with its Headquarters at Madras. She guided the activities of the Board for nearly twenty years till her demise in 1986.
The Board consists of 28 Members who are as follows:-
2. Vice – Chairman
3. Inspectors General of Forests 1
4. Animal Husbandry Commissioner 1
5. Rep of Miny. of Home Affairs 1
6. Rep of Miny. of HRD (Education) 1
7. MPs – Lok Sabha 4
8. MPs – Rajya Sabha 2
9. Individuals 3
10. Humanitarians 3
11. SPCAs 3
12. AWOs 3
13. Rep. of Indian Board for Wildlife 1
14. Rep. of Indian Veterinary Assn. 1
15. Rep. of Indian Medicine 1
16. Rep. of Allopathic Medicine 1
17. Municipal Corporations 2 Total
FUNCTIONS OF THE BOARD :- To keep the law in force in India for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals under constant study and to advise the government on the amendments to be undertaken in any such law from time to time. To advise the Central Government on the making of rules under the Act with a view to preventing unnecessary pain or suffering to animals generally, and more particularly when they are being transported from one place to another or when they are used as performing animals or when they are kept in captivity or confinement. To advise the Government or any local authority or other person on improvements in the design of vehicles so as to lessen the burden on draught animals. To take all such steps as the Board may think fit for amelioration of animals by encouraging, or providing for the construction of sheds, water troughs and the like and by providing for veterinary assistance to animals. To advise the Government or any local authority or other person in the design of slaughter houses or the maintenance of slaughter houses or in connection with slaughter of animals so that unnecessary pain or suffering, whether physicrd or mental, is eliminated in the pre- slaughter stages as far as possible, and animals are killed, wherever necessary, in as humane a manner as possible. To take all such steps as the Board may think fit to ensure that unwanted animals are destroyed by local authorities, whenever it is necessary to do so, either instantaneously or after being rendered insensible to pain or suffering. To encourage by the grant of financial assistance or otherwise, the formation or establishment of Pinjarapoles, rescue homes, animals shelters, sanctuaries and the like, where animals and birds may find a shelter when they have become old and useless or when they need protection. To co-operate with, and co-ordinate the work of associations or bodies established for the purpose of preventing unnecessary pain or suffering to animals or for the protection of animals and birds. To give financial assistance and other assistance to Animal Welfare Organizations functioning in any local area or to encourage the formation of Animal Welfare Organizations in any local area which shall work under the general supervision and guidance of the Board. To advise the Government on matters relating to the medical care and attention which may be provided in animal hospitals, and to give financial and other assistance to animal hospitals whenever the Board think it is necessary to do so. To impart education in relation to the humane treatment of animals and to encourage the formation of public opinion against the infliction of unnecessary pain or suffering to animals and for the promotion of animal welfare by means of lectures books, posters, cinematographic exhibitions and the like. To advise the Government on any matter connected with animal welfare or the Prevention of infliction of unnecessary pain or suffering on animals.
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