Founder Vision of AICPS

 


Lt. S. Gurmukh Singh (Freedom Fighter)
(1912 – 1998)

(Ex-Royal Air Force before partition founder of the AICPS 1946 at Karachi and Lahore)

Welcome

Before partition Pre-independence period 1946, All India Crime Prevention Society came into existence and was first organized. Its founder members were Late S.Gurmukh Singh and his associate Late Sh.Sampurnanand and Dr.Paripurnanand, younger brother of Chief Minister Utter Pradesh, pionneer of open prison system in India, Sh.Shiv Mangal Singh Kapoor MLA associate of Pt. Govind Valabh Pant, former home Minister, Government of India and his son Sh.B.S.Kapoor in a team were directly involved in the society. The above personalities run the office of All India Crime Prevention Society Regd,No.-63/1950-51. The said Society was running smoothly for the 12 years up till the death of Dr.Paripuranand and there after his death the society was almost vanished .

The  Ministry  of  home  Affairs, Govt.  Of  India   Vide  its    GO No. 90/50/police, April 26, 1950 and  36/32/56 police Dec.10,1958  has directed the states to Utilize  the  services of “All India Crime Prevention Society in every manner’ s

 

ALL INDIA CRIME PREVENTION SOCIETY 50 YEARS OF OUR INDEPENDENCE – AN INTROSPECTIONRare Pictures Gallery of 1947

On December 13, 1946, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru moves the Objective Resolutions. It was the unanimously adopted by the constituent Assembly on January 22, 1947, i.e.at a time when the United Nations had not adopted even the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1966. The said Resolutions was Solemnly resolved to draw up the prospective Constitution of free India based on the principal enshrined in this Resolution. Like the earlier resolution, this resolution, too, did not mention the words “Human Rights” in the draft but it contained almost all the human rights which subsequently found place in the International documents, such as social, economic and political justice to all, equality of status, of opportunity, and before the law, freedom of thought, expression, belief,faith,workship, vocation, assocation and action. However, all these guarantees were subject to law and public morality. It provided, inter alia, adequate safe guards to the minorities, backward and tribal areas, and depressed and other backward classes. The texts of these resolutions, reproduced below, are self-explanatory. It shall be open to the AICPS to revise, amend or add to the foregoing so for as such revision, amendment or addition is not inconsistent with the policy and principals thereof.

FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS & ECONOMIC PROGRAMME
(Adopted by the Indian National Congress at its Forty-fifth Session held at Karachi in March 1931)The Congress is of Opinion that to enable the masses to appreciate what “Swaraj”, as conceived, will mean to them, it is desirable to state to position of the congress in a manner easily understood by them .In order to end the exploitation of the masses, political freedom must include real economic freedom of the starving millions. The congress, therefore, declares that any constitution that may be agreed to on its behalf should provide, or enable the swaraj Government to provide, for the following:Fundamental rights of the people, including:

  • Freedom of associations and combination;
  • Freedom of speech and of the press;
  • Freedom of conscience and the free profession and practice of religion; subject to public order and morality;
  • Protection of the culture, language, and scripts of the minorities;
  • Equal rights and obligations of all citizens, without any bar on account of sex;
  • No disability to attach any citizen by reason of his or her religion, caste or creed or sex in regard to public employment, office of power or honour, and in the exercise of any trade or calling;
  • Equal rights to all citizens in regards to public roads, wells, school and other places of public reports;
  • Right to keep and bear arms in accordance with regulations and reservations made in that behalf;
  • No person shall be deprived of his liberty nor shall his dwelling or property be entered.sequestedred orb confiscated save in accordance with law;

* Religious neutrality on the part of state.
* Adult’s suffrage.
* Free primary education.
* A living wage for industrial workers, limited hours of labour, healthy condition of work, protection against the economic consequences of old age, sickness and unemployment.

  • Labour to be freed from serfdom or conditions bordering on serfdom.
  • Protection of women workers, and specially adequate provision for leave during maternity period.
  • Prohibition against employment of children of school going age in factories.
  • Right of labour to form union to protect their interest with suitable machinery for settlement of disputes by arbitration.
  • Substantial reduction in agriculture rent or revenue paid by the peasantry and in case of uneconomic holdings exemption from rent for such period as may be necessary relief being given to small Zamindaras wherever necessary by reason of such reduction.
  • Imposition of a progressive income-tex on agriculture income above a fixed minimum.
  • A graduated inheritance tax.
  • Military expenditure to be reduced by at least one half of the present scale.
  • Expenditure and salaries in civil departments to be largely reduced. No servant of the state, other then specially employed experts and the like, to be paid above a certain fixed which should not ordinarily exceed Rs.500 per month.
  • Protection of indigenous cloth by exclusion of foreign cloth and foreign yarn from the country.
  • Total prohibition of intoxicating drinks and drugs.
  • No duty on salt manufactured in India.
  • Control over exchange and currency policy so as to help Indian industries and bring relief to the masses.
  • Control by state of key industries and ownership of mineral resources.
  • Control of usury- direct or indirect.

1947-PARTITION AT A GLANCEWhen, the happenings of partition flashback in one’s mind, the barbaric violence which accompanied and overshadowed it, comes out vividly. Punjab in August 1947 had already witnessed communal clashes for over eight months. On 15 th August 1947 when the rest of India was celebrating and rejoicing the attained liberty and independence, Punjab was in the grip of malevolent strife, as a consequence of inborn terror, houses were torched and razed to the ground in both west and east Punjab by Muslims and non Muslims hooligans. Women were being desecrated, and raped in the open and their male family members slaughtered and burnt before their eyes. Religious buildings were being desecrated, and by the time this mindless orgy was over by early 1948 about half a million lives were lost, and mass migration of over 10 million people, under subhuman conditions went under way. Obviously the extent to which this carnage took place had not been anticipated by the British or the new Indian desolate. Mahatma Gandhi’s assassination was part of this stern reckoning which was set in motion. The Civil administration completely broke down on both sides of the border, as a result there was no administrative machinery to prevent murder, arson, and raping that was being committed by ordinary people against ordinary people. The entire country lay bare and baron in towns, cities, Markets and open fields. PHOTO GALLERY…The objective of the All India Crime Prevention Society was to improve the quality of the life of the people in the society and provide them greater security and unity in accordance with the rules of the law and administration. The degree of success for the achievement of the objectives would depend on the degree of the sincere efforts made in the right direction by the All India Crime Prevention Society members on the prevention of crime and the other practices evolved as principles.Before partition in 26 April, 1946 S. Gurmukh Singh and S.Teja Singh, S. Ram Singh, Dr. Paripuranand formed as founder members and Giani Hira Singh associated AICPS in Lahore (Pakistan), Giani Hira Singh renowned author and extremist of the pre-independence period; he served as an associate of AICPS to improve and develop communal harmony and brotherhood. He was also a member of the Punjab Provincial Congress Committee as well as of the All India Congress Committee.The said Society was running smoothly for the 12 years up till the death of Dr. Paripuranand and there after his death the society was almost vanished.In the year 1998 after death of S. Gurmukh Singh (17th Nov. 1998) his son Mr. Avtar Singh Matharoo registered the society in the name and style of ALL INDIA CRIME PRVENTION SOCIETY CHD. Under Societies registration act – 1860, Govt. of India, Ministry of Home Affairs.Our study of 50 years reveal that:The amount of emphasis placed on several aspects during the 19th and 20th centuries are on the rise. The gradual evolution of police force and its practices got great social importance. What made the system of law enforcement unique, was that it achieved a combination of conscientious approach with sound organization in accordance with the democratic ideas of the Independent India. The police force is the tool employed by the community for the ever-changing nature of the task and the fallibility of all human enterprise.
The Lofty concept, “do unto others as you would like to be done by them” is given a go by because of thought pollution on part of some of the members of society. Such people are concerned with their vested-interests only. As such they misuse administrative power, money, and intellectual-power owing to their clash of interest.Consequently tension is built up in society, which at times, takes the shape of armed conflict. Though all religions preach Fatherhood of God and Brotherhood of Men yet rabid communists, fanatic fundamentalists and obnoxious obscurantisms misconstrue and misinterpret the cardinal principle of religion and pose serious threat to pubic peace and tranquility.
Gone are the days when the people would readily believe that their miserable state is because of the misdeeds of their past lives, some of them would promptly point out that their miserable plight is because of misrule in the prevailing system. General awareness and awakening on the part of the people enable them to agitate for their rights and sometimes agitations go violent, because when anger takes over, reason takes a back seat. Feudalistic mind set and democratic Institutions go together, those who feel superior to others on the basis of cast, gender and economic status, make unavoidable vertical diversity in the society because of their sick minds. They violate the provision of Indian Constitution and commit offenses under various enactments. Unholy alliance between anti social elements and influential people seriously hinders and obstructs the process of the rule of law. Moreover the general public is not willing to be eyewitnesses to a crime even after having witnessed the commission of the crime In broad day light. The Incidence of crime is co-related with decline in moral values of the society as a whole. The changing pattern of crime committed by terrorists, Insurgents, extremists, communists, murderers, dacoits, robbers, abductors, kidnappers, trans-border Smugglers, Racketeers, black marketers, Illicit distillers, adulterators, seamstress, swindlers and the like pose serious threat to the lives of the people.The Increasing gap between legislation and social acceptance results in violations of the numerous laws of land.Some of the real problems faced by the common man today are summarized as follows:Fear of self harassment and that of family members:People fear that once they go to the local police, they along with their family members will have to face further trouble in the form of harassment, which they do not like and prefer.Delay due to social, political & financial pressures:Today police has a lot of pressure from politicians and other Influential people of the society which are prominently social or politically influential, due to some vested interests and many other try to bribe the policeman.Stigma related to relation with the police:Generally it is not considered auspicious to have friendship with police In the Indian society, people want to avoid it as far as possible.Practice of the police to project low crime rate.If some one approaches police they persuade him/her to solve the problem mutually & outside the police station so that they can claim to have better control over the area/situation by projecting a low crime rate.Existing gaps:It is needless to mention here that a large & wide gap exists between the general public and the police in our country , even after 50 years of Independence . The public expects police to save them form all the problems and on the other hand the police wants to solve the varied and vast problems faced by the society, for this both expect help and assistance from each other but what is required and how to get it done still remains a big question to be answered.Some of the gaps as perceived by both public and police are:(a) People still feel that friendship and enmity with police should be avoided as far as possible.(b) People feel that it is not their responsibility to solve their own problems.(c) The police coincides that everybody is criminal minded.(d) The police is answerable to win the trust of the public at all levels.Keeping In view the above mentioned problems remedial measures are suggested as follows:(i) The process of recruitment for different streams of personnel who play a major role in governing the nation should be devised on scientific methods so as to select the right type of candidates for the service of the people. The behavioral and personality traits of the candidates should be duly assessed before their entry into their respective streams.(ii) The trainers of the selected personnel should be highly capable and motivated to impart best & suitable training. They should be trained to inculcate the spirit of services to the people in accordance with the rule of the law. They should also be suitably trained to enforce rule of law as it is, objectively, fearlessly, promptly and effectively while performing preventive and detective duties so as to aspire the confidence of the people.(iii) The working environment for these personnel should be suitably improved by providing with adequate resources like transportation, sophisticated means of communication and latest security equipments etc.(iv) They should be the role model for high standards of personal conduct, exercise effective supervision over the subordinates and ensure timely & effectively policing of the terms of prevention and duties.(v) Social ladder based on caste, which is reverentially ascended and contemptuously descended, must be broken forthwith through social reforms with a view to ease social tension. Gender bias must be effectively checked to minimize discrimination, exploitation, and deprivation suffered by females in this male dominated society.(vi) About half the population of our country lives below the poverty line, the problems related to poverty, employment, illiteracy and health must be solved and economic disparity must have reasonable shares in national cake.(vii) Print media as well as electronic media must help promote social responsibilities related to traffic, civic, scientific temper, national spirit and humanism amongst the people. The communalization should be opposed and riot appeased.(viii) One must Introspect and correct one-self to contribute to the nations happiness keeping in mind the famous saying; It Is better to light a candle than to curse darkness.Suggestions for effective people-police relationship:It is important for every organization in any field to become “customer friendly”, in the era of ISO-9000 to have the best of quality certifications, the Indian police has to tighten its belt to become more people friendly for the benefit of people as well as their own. The future demands close cooperation of general public and police.The following suggestions are made to bridge the existing gap.(a) The police should involve public in all the areas of management associated with the problems of the society.(b) Co-ordination committees should be formed at all levels with representatives from all the sections of the society.(c) Research and development (R&D) along with regular feedback be carried out for continuous improvements.Conclusion:There is no escape for both people and general public except for effective and meaningful relationship.As regards the politics of the today, it is beyond the competence of the police also to bring about a suitable and effective change in its operations, it is purely at the mercy of the statesmanship of our political criminals to promote the political interests of individuals as well as parties, as also the need for money that forces the political parties to seek assistance from dubious quarters as a result of which they come under obligation to protect them from prevailing law and its enforcing agencies.The threats posed by the large criminal gangs today is a challenge to the state authorities in general and to the police forces of the country in particular. While it remains true that many of the factors responsible for growth of organized crime today are beyond the control of the police though the police of the country love nonetheless to take on the challenge and to gear up professionally to face the same in the years to come.To face the challenges of organized crime in the country today and the years to come a number of steps would be required to be taken immediately also if adequate action is not taken fast enough by enactment of appropriate laws, nationally and internationally, and by creating necessary institutional mechanism to handle organized crime effectively, the consequences may simply be devastating.AICPS being a private self sustaining non profit organization is trying its best to assist the governmental institutions with its full efforts to overcome the catastrophes of the above mentioned crime.AICPS Society purely hinges on social values, to achieve its social motive, the society has to hold on to supreme social values of equality & mutual understanding with respect for fundamental human rights. It applies to individuals forming the society and institutions that individuals evolve, to govern itself.Purpose of forming AICPS is to enlighten the Individual citizen of his responsibilities and duties towards society they live in and ensure that the every individual enjoys the basic right for a happy living. Over the years in India particularly after Independence , transitional confusion has created many problems prominent amongst them is the gap between the general public and the prevailing law and order agencies.Unfortunately corruption, mal-administration on delaying tactics, unscrupulous attitudes have added to the grievances of the public at large. Criminalization of public life is raising it’s ugly head. Need of the hour is to bridge the gap between the public and the law agencies it has a significant roll to play in highlighting the roll of the society in fearless approach towards airing the problem of common man, approach the relevant administration and police for timely action to prevent the commissioning of crimes against the general public, help members to get speedier action for Justice, helping the police and administration authorities.Field of operation Includes:1 Prevention of Crime against Society.2 Accelerating action against criminals.3 Helping to resolve disputes relating to property amicably.4 Preventing crime against women.5 Helping to resolved disputes relating to matrimony .6 Guiding & helping Non Resident Indians in property, education and legal matters7 Ensuring medical help to the members, Encourage the opening of Hospitals and Educational Institutions, old age homes, free help for the poor and the needy.8 Generating fund and soliciting charity for the society from the same.9 Opening Branches all over India and abroad for the amelioration of the course of the members and public at large.10 Create cadres and Infrastructures and set up trust or trusts for the execution and fulfillment of the aims and objectives of the society.Details of Field 1 to11Prevention of crimes against Society: A liberal democratic society like ours depends for its survival on two essential requirements, one, the maintenance of law & order along with control over crime and other, respect for human rights. Respect for human rights can only be inculcated through human rights education at all levels. It is generally perceived that the police has the responsibility of protecting human rights.The Challenges of organized Crime:The dangers posed by the organized crime in the country today are not obvious to many, not even to many police officers & bureaucrats at the decision making levels, members of the judiciary and intellectuals who have not had the occasion to directly deal with and probe into the phenomenon of gang crime.The reason for this is simple:
What normally comes to notice is the individual’s crime and it’s occurrence and not the hidden network of gangs supporting that individual, the people at large therefore only catch glimpses of small tips of the extremely large and sinister icebergs that keep floating beneath the surface. Since the full base of the organized crime phenomenon today and its vicious ramification tomorrow is yet to be widely understood, the likely catastrophic consequence that they might have for the national security environment, public order, socio economic texture and political processes have not yet received the required attention that it deserve.The nature and scope of organized crime have changed substantially during the last five decades of Independence . From the bends available it would appear that the organized crime landscape might undergo a sea change during the 21st century. In the initial decades after independence, when we talked of organized crime, we meant theft of railway property, small scale extortion, serious drug manufacturing, dacoities, high robberies, sea piracy, running gambling dens, trafficking in women, smuggling of contrabands goods, cycle thefts, production & supply of illicit liquor, coal and other mineral mines mafia crimes and organized begging to name a few. As the years passed, organized crime grew in a major way bringing under its ambit – theft of military property, unlawful export of labor, insurance frauds, racketeering in employment (organized cheating), illegal foreign trade including under invoicing, over invoicing, import export duty exemption and subsidy frauds, booth capturing in election, bank frauds, computer software piracy, duplication of CDs and other computer components, dumping of toxic and hazardous wastes of specified materials, share rackets & stock related crimes such as manipulation, embezzlement, forgery and theft of shares bonds, and debentures are some of the forth generation organized crime operations.The successive new generation of organized crime activities did not necessarily replace the old generation strikes, but added to them or expanded already existing trickles to broader streams, from technology we may now turn to the other cardinal factor behind organized crime today, politics, considering the nature of politics today it is beyond the competence of the police to change it and it is left to the statesmanship of our political leaders to effect the necessary political reforms that would do away the need for criminals to promote the political parties or to seek assistance from dubious quarters because of which they come under obligation to protect them from the law and it’s enforcing agencies.PREVENTING CRIMES AGAINST SOCIETYThe police establishment & operations is known to have taken birth with the advent of civilization hence the history of crime dates back to the birth of mankind. In the initial stages crimes were of simple nature and were mostly committed by individuals which gradually took the shape of collective criminal acts. The police functionaries had to mainly depend on personal knowledge, direct evidence and visible indicators to solve the criminal mysteries, further the growing complexity of civilization has provided faster means of transportation, advancements in technology and easy access to global telecommunication and gadgetry giving a new dimension to crime. This has posed new challenges in front of the police force to cope up with the changed scenario. This requires regular training & updating of the police force with the latest technologies like computers and communication which have revolutionized the handling of information in an organized & sophisticated manner. This technology is expanding globally at enormous speed and offers tremendous opportunities and means for aiding the police force in crime prevention, crime detection and crime tracing/solving.On the basis of our study and experience we believe that if the following are considered and implemented by the police the Information processing in police department shall be more effective.Crime Preventing: This involves keeping track of activities of individuals with suspicious background, group activities of an organization, selecting safe routes for movements of VIPs controlling access to sensitive areas and so on.Crime Recording: This covers meticulously recording the details of the events and activities that have resulted in crime, this also involves recording of statements of the individual, collecting of date including medico legal reports, these records subsequently aid in investigations and are produced as evidence in the court of law.Crime Investigation: Investigation of any crime involves collecting various pieces of evidence and information, synthesizing them to arrive at a most probable conclusion, hence the data collected and stored over a period of time is required to be analyzed with a view to build a Pierre of the crime which could be used for apprehending the criminal and his eventual conviction.Crime Tracing: Crimes which cannot be solved immediately at times need collection of evidence over a period of time, at times a committed crime like murder may take years of conclusion, such cases will need tracing of information of concern over a long period and collecting the same for periodic synthesis. This need persistence, tenacity and perseverance on the part of the investigating agency. Lack of communications, physical distances and voluminous search of records are not only time consuming but at times a highly de motivating factor in crime tracing.Monitoring: The crime rate in proportion to the population is increasing day by day. The need to monitor each case requires emphasis, however, experience has shown that monitoring finally becomes a tedious task on the concerned officer. Monitor registers, Index sheets and other methods developed over the period of time have only marginally helped improve monitoring of cases.The Ideal approach for police department would be to have an approach of distributed database as regards:
(a) Criminal Data(b) Modulus operandi data(c) Vehicle data(d) Finger prints data(e) Event/crime data(f) Population daftPolice can thus adopt distributed data processing for each of the database and make them available on a network for sharing the data with its users.There could be different levels of the network whose computers could be interconnected by servers to form a national level network.There can be following type of computer networks:(a) City Level Network (City Control Room)(b) District Level Network (District H.Q.)(c) State Level Network (State H.Q.)(d) National Level Network (it could be nominated to next level as below)(e) International Level Network (Interpol Network)The existing police communication network can be used for intercommunication between a police van and the control room that can be further connected to a central computer making it possible for the mobile van to have the relevant information for carrying out various functions.Conclusion: Information technologies offers an accurate means of data handling required by police force for carrying out its functions in a fast and effective manner. The benefits offered in adoption of this advanced technology, shall offset the cost of implementation of such a project with not only improved efficiency but will also enhance the reputation and image of the police force who would very easily take speedily action against criminals.HELPING IN RESOLVING DISPUTES RELATING TO PROPERTY:
The Society takes the initiative in resolving the property related disputes by bringing the involved parties to table and pursuing them to amicably resolve the issue thereby enabling them to avoid the long legal jargon and the expenditure associated with it. This also reduces considerable burden on the legal bodies.PREVENTING CRIMES AGAINST WOMEN:The society takes under consideration the various heinous crimes against the women like gender discrimination by parents, ill treatment by husband and in-laws and particularly the sexual exploitation of the working women in the office, this is further explained as under:Several studies demonstrate that people have differing ideas about what constitutes sexual harassment. According to a Study conducted in Delhi University boys and girls define sexual harassment differently and few males considered it to be a serious issue (The Hindu, Dec. 1996).The intensity and extent of this menace may very from culture to culture.In India the sexual harassment of women has been euphemistically call ‘eve teasing’ thus trivializing the magnitude of the issue. Mr. Sexena in 1995 gave the opinion that eve teasing is a crime which has become a recognized male sport. Innumerable women, young and old alike suffer teasing, jostling and pitching everyday. Incidence of molestation of women and eve teasing has assumed serious proportions and they are ever increasing.Mr. Mohan in 1994 mentions about eve teasing as a way of sexual harassment specially in the northern state of India . Women and girls are subjected to various forms of eve teasing at private and public places, place of entertainment, campuses of workplace, even places of worship have not been spared by perpetrators of this crime. Festivals, Fairs and public gatherings provide a free hand to eve teasing. They pinch and touch women on the sly, pass lewd remarks, sing obscene and double meaning songs to embarrass girls, make anonymous phone calls and utter obscene and suggestive words.Eve teasing is not only confined to students and unemployed youth. Boys from educated cultured and affluent families also take part in eve teasing, in crowded buses and trains the eve teasers stand or sit next to girls and unleash perverseness. The general belief is that the eve teasers are young buys but in the above mentioned study, it was found that middle and even old aged men were also indulged in eve teasing. They use their age factor as very convenient camouflage to their lecherous intent.There have been a lot of reports and descriptive write ups on eve teasing but scientific research about the perception of eve teasing is that people who tease and those who are teased are conspicuous by its absence. In a series of studies to understand this phenomenon the authors have identified seven areas of even teasing namely.Verbal, Physical, Obscene gestures, Physiological, Sexual, Attention seeking and harassment through some object.Types of eve teasing:Verbal eve teasing: Passing lewd remarks, whistling, hooting, making crank calls to girls, singing double meaning and obscene songs.Physical eve teasing: Touching, pinching, brushing past, hitting or grabbling a specific part of a girl’s body like breast or hips.Obscene eve teasing: Blowing kisses at girls, winking, licking of lips, gestures with hands etc.Sexual eve teasing: Exhibitionism, molestation and rape.Psychological eve teasing: Threatening girls, chasing and following girls, scarring by blowing scary horns. Attention seeking behavior: Circling around girls, roaming in cars with full blast music on etc.REMEDIAL MEASURES TO DEAL WITH THIS MENACE(a) Gender sensitization.(b) Improving socializing process(c) Educational system(d) Roll of media(e) Encouraging girls to report the matter to the relevant authorities.After the death of Sh. S.Guarmukh Singh (17th November 1998, at Chandigarh) founder member of the All India Crime Prevention Society 1950, currently the Society Is running under the able leadership of Sh.Avtar Singh Matharoo, S/o Sh. S.Gurmukh Singh designated as All India President & Chief Executive, Board of Governors.(The Said fields were explained by Late S.Gurmukh Singh)

 

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